Iceland is a Nordic island country between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean. It has a population of 330.000 and an area of 103,000 km2 giving the island the lowest population density of any country in Europe.
Iceland is Volcanically and geologically active. The interior consists of a plateau characterized by sand and lava fields, mountains and glaciers. Iceland is warmed by the Gulf Stream and has a temperate climate.
The settlement of Iceland began in 874 when the Norwegian chieftain Ingolfur Arnarsson became the first permanent settler. The foundation of the Icelandic parliament is said to be the founding of the Icelandic nation in 930.
Icelandic culture is founded upon the nation´s Scandinavian heritage. Most Icelanders are descendants of Germanic and Gaelic settlers, the Icelandic language is descended from Old Norse.